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Diabetes causes high glucose (blood sugar) levels in the body due to a defect in insulin function and/or production. Insulin, a hormone that is released by your pancreas, allows sugar to go from your blood into your cells. If the cells aren’t using insulin well or if your body is unable to make enough or any insulin, sugar builds up in the blood. Unfortunately, people with diabetes may also be at risk of diabetic eye diseases, including diabetic retinopathy, which occurs when there is damage to the blood vessels in your retina caused by high blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, along with regular exams from your medical provider, it is critical that you also schedule routine exams with your optometrist in Columbia, SC.
Your optometrist in Columbia will do a comprehensive eye examination that includes a dilated eye exam. During this exam, your optometrist can detect diabetic retinopathy. For this type of exam, drops are placed in your eyes in order to dilate your pupils, which will allow your optometrist to have a better view of your eyes. You will need another driver to go with you to the examination because the drops may cause you to temporarily have blurred vision until they wear off, which may take several hours.
Any form of diabetic eye disease has the potential to cause severe loss of vision and blindness. Although diabetic retinopathy is the most common type of eye disease related to diabetes, there is a risk of other diabetic eye diseases as well, including:
When visiting your optometrist in Colombia SC there are a variety of eye exams and tests that the optometrist may suggest, including:
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential that you schedule an eye examination with your optometrist as soon as possible. After your initial examination, your optometrist will recommend the frequency of future eye exams. When preparing for your eye exam it is beneficial to write out a brief summary to take with you. For example, include when you were diagnosed with diabetes, the medications you are taking and a few of your recent averages for blood sugar levels. It is important to keep in mind that early detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy and other diabetic related eye diseases, can help prevent vision loss.